Review of AB and LO on Transparency in Online Education

My review of an Annotated Bibliography will be on Hugo Domingues’s work, posted on his blog in

Hugo presents a very useful bibliography, with four different references. Each of these references are presented with a sequence, as Hugo built his bibliography to ilustrate his reflexion on the subject.

The first reference is an LO created using GoAnimate! which provides an introduction on the theme. To know more about the concepts involved, Hugo refers another LO, which is more theoretical. To help understand how to put this into practice, Hugo gives us an article and a presentation with an example of a strategy to promote transparency in Online education.

I found very interesting this idea of creating a bibliography that suited his reflexions on the subject! Hugo gives a summary of each recourse and presents his thoughts and reflexions on them.

My only remark for improvement would be including the article from Dalsgaard & Paulsen, as it is mentioned on his comments about the 2nd resource.

Well done, Hugo!

The Learning Object I reviewed was a very funny but accurate animated movie created with Xtranormal which shows Larry King interviewing Sarah Palin… about transparency in Online Education. The author is Carla Elias:

In this LO, Carla gives complete information about what Transparency in Online Education is and how it promotes quality.

I thought Carla managed to give the important information on the subject, making us want to watch the sequel with the promised interview with Prof. Morten! This touch of humour was nice and integrated with the situation. As for improvement, during Sarah’s speech about the subject, I think Carla could have showed some of this sense of humour.

Overall, it is another excellent LO. Congrats Carla!

Learning Object – Transparency in Online Education

Here is my LO for Transparency in Online Education:


Annotated Bibliography on Transparency in Online Learning

Paulsen, Morten et Dalsgaard, Christian, June, 2009,Transparency in Cooperative Online Education,  in  International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Volume 10, Number , available at , accessed in 2010-06-06

In this article, these two authors try to answer a main question. In their own words:

“The purpose of this article is to discuss the following question: What is the potential of social networking within cooperative online education?”

In order to answer this question, the authors start by studying the relationship between networking and cooperative education.
The authors argue that transparency is important to online education, as it enables students to work cooperatively, by being visible to each other. The use of the network social tools is presented as the tools of transparency and, therefore, the tools to create a truthful learning collaboration community. The authors also approach the issue of privacy rights and explain how these two notions are handled at NKI.

However, although we should respect student’s privacy, the transparency enabled by social networking is vital to a collaborative learning experience. “Social networking sites are not the new learning management systems. From the perspective of the theory of cooperative freedom, however, the special kind of communication and interaction afforded by social networking sites is interesting and has pedagogical potential. From this point of view, social networking should be considered as a supplement to other tools. The potential of social networking lies within transparency and the ability to create awareness among students.”

Siemens, George, April 28th, 2009, “Teaching as transparent learning” available at , accessed in 2010-06-06

On his blog “Connectivism – networked and social learning”, Siemens wrote an interesting article about becoming teachers with transparency. This aspect of being a transparent learner (becoming a teacher) is very interesting and I totally relate to it concerning my experience at UAb, since my colleagues work has contributed to my learning as much as the instructional course design.

As Siemens puts it: “Let me explain. When someone decides to share their thoughts and ideas in a transparent manner, they become a teacher to those who are observing. Social technology – such as Twitter, blogs, Facebook – opens the door to sharing the process of learning, not only the final product.”

UNSW, August 2009, “All of a Twitter”, available at, accessed in 2010-06-06

This video from the University of New South Wales (Australia) is a look at how social web tools are being used in university classrooms.

This University started a networks’ literacy project to develop the use and understanding of social network tools and its consequences in learning. The researchers point out some of the benefits of making students work visible to the community and outside the community, to the world.

This project also gives attention to Student’s privacy, allowing students to choose when (or if) to post their work outside the UNSW community.